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Hovhannes Toumanian


The Family Lineage
The Children
The journeys and travels
The Society
Civil Activity
Toumanian and the orphanage

Մուշեղ Թումանյան

Mushegh Toumanian 1889-1938

Born in Tbilisi
After graduating from the Tbilisi’s men’s gymnasium, he is accepted at University of St. Petersburg’s Physico-mathematics faculty’s Natural Sciences department. He has later studied at the Sapper’s institute.
Has served in the military in Alexandropol (Now Gyumri). In 1916 he goes to Western Armenia with the Armenian volunteer corps and also was dealing with the orphans’ problems who were rescued. Afterwards he started teaching and analysing various agricultural and carpological studies. In 1937 under the command of the communist regime he is exiled to Siberia, where he also dies.
He has three children, Anahit, Nadezhda and Vigen.

Artavazd Toumanian 1894-1918

Born in Tbilisi
Has studied at the Lisitsyan special board, and later on at the famous Nersisyan school. Later on he has studied at the institute of painting and sculpture. He has taken the first fine arts lesson by great artist Yeghishe Tadevosyan. The huge love towards art took Artavazd to Moscow, at the B. I. Kelin painting studio. Currently there are a few art works from him, as well as writings, prose, art historical analyses and articles, as well as theatrical pieces about famous masters such as Van Deyck, Titian, Reubens etc. Some of those pieces were played. The “Gikor” story of Toumanian was also played in Dsegh under the direction of Artavazd, to whom the poet himself was present. Artavazd has also been present on stage as an actor.
During the most difficult times for his people, Artavazd goes to Western Armenia. In 1918, at 24 years old he is killed in the city of Van. His martyrdom left a deep wound in Toumanian and accelerated the poet’s death.

Hamlik Toumanian 1896-1938

Born in Tbilisi.
After graduating from the Nersisyan School he is accepted at the Sorbonne University in Paris, in the Philosophy Department, where he graduated in 1924. While in France, he became a member of the Communist Party. By returning to Tiflis, he continued his partisan activities. He started working at Georgia’s Sciences Academy as a senior researcher.
Hamlik Toumanian has made countless translations from R. Tagore (The Crescent and The Gardener were published in Vienna in 1922, in Yerevan in 1955 and 1961), as well as works from Pushkin. In 1937 the communist regime arrests him without informing the relatives about the date and location of his death. Hamlik had one daughter, called Nectar.

Areg Toumanian 1900-1939

Born in Tbilisi.
After graduating from the Lisitsyan gymnasium, he becomes a member of the Communist Party in 1917 and has executed various partisan and governmental works. In 1933 he is accepted in Moscow’s Red Professor’s institute in the History department, where he has later on taught as well. In 1937 the Communist Regime sends him on exile and on the 30th of August of 1939 he is executed. His remnants are unknown, like his previous brothers’. He has had one daughter, Surma.

ԱՇԽԵՆ ԹՈԻՄԱՆՅԱՆ 1891-1968 թթ.

Ashken Toumanian 1891-1968. Born in Tbilisi.
After graduating from the third Women’s gymnasium Ashken has studied at the highest women’s studies. In 1911 she marries with attorney Gevorg Khadisyan. During “The Dashnaktsutiun Operation” trial, Khadisyan was Toumanian’s defendant. Ashkhen moves to Stepanavan in 1922 to work at the executive committee of the city, and later to Yerevan. There, she was the administrator of the reading room of the public library. She was later the director of the same place from 1926 to 1933. She has also worked at the Armenian Encyclopedia. She has done many translations from Armenian to Russian, among them her father’s “Gikor” story. Ashkhen Toumanian was the director of the Hovhannes Toumanian museum from the founding date till 1966. She has had one child named Hovhannes.

Nvard Toumanian 1892-1957

Born in Tbilisi
After graduating from the Hovnanyan school she is accepted at the Trnascaucasian University’s Historical Sciences Department. She moves to Yerevan in 1925 and starts working at the Institute of History of Material Culture. From 1943 till dealth Nvard was a researcher at the Science Academy’s M. Abeghyan’s Institute. She was one of those who had carefully studied the life and the spiritual heritage of her father and author of many scientific works. For the reading of “Toumanian’s relations with Russian literature” Nvard was awarded a diploma for Philological studies. She is the founder of the Dsegh house-museum and has made a great contribution in the Yerevan Museum’s organizing.

Arpenik Toumanian 1899-1981

Born in Tbilisi
After graduating from the Gayanyan Women’s College she is accepted at Tbilisi’s Politechnical Institute. However she quickly moves to Moscow and starts working at the Ministerial council Armenian section. After a certain time she was nominated Head Librarian of the Lenin Public Library’s Armenian section. During the last years of her lifetime she has moved to Yerevan.
Having had a lot of experience in library practices, Arpenik works on improving her father’s personal library.

Anush Toumanian 1898-1927

Born in Tbilisi
Anush has studied at the Gayanyan women’s school. She loved playing the piano and reading. She has written poems and quartets, as well as two stories dedicated to her father. Anush was the most romantic and dreamy out of Toumanian’s children. She left a short life with internal contradictions.

Seda Toumanian 1905-1988

Born in Tbilisi.
Her Birth Ceritificate contains the name Haykanush next to Seda. That is the result of a historical meeting between Hovhannes Toumanian and General Andranik which preceded Seda’ birth.
Knowing that the Toumanian family is expecting a delivery, Andranik suggests Toumanian that, in the case of a boy he’d name it Hayk, in memory of Andranik’s cousin who was martyred in battle and in case of a girl Haykanush, as a memory of his sister’s early lost daughter. Toumanian did not ignore the will of his friend, but he also executed his family’s will, hence the newborn was called Seda-Haykanush.
After graduating from the Gayanyan school, she studied at Yerevan State University’s agricultural faculty and has participated at X-ray study classes at Yesentuki. She has translated Paul de Graaf’s “Microbe Hunters” book which talks about Kokh, Paster and Mechnikov. Seda has had a big contribution in transporting their items from Tbilisi to Yerevan for the Halls of the Toumanian Museum.
She has had asingle daughter, named Irma.

Tamar Toumanian 1907-1989

Born in Tbilisi.
Studied at the Gayanyan Women’s college. Later on she studied at the Yerevan Politechnical institute. In 1933 she starts working at famous architect Alexander Tamanyan’s studio. Tamar was director of the Toumanian museum from 1966 to 1989. The project of the Vernatoun (Garret) section of the museum was implemented by her. It is also by her efforts that the “Lori Valley” landscape was created, accompanied by A. Tigranyan’s “Anush” Opera’s melody.